English Setter, know the breed, tips

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Efreya Waitecker

The English Setter is a breed that is characterized by being a quiet and faithful to their masters dog. In addition, it has a large dose of patience with children.

As for the care of the dog, the most important thing is a regular brushing and a good dose of daily exercise. It is not other, control the food that is put, because it is used to eat everything you put him.It is a dog with a strong and resistant constitution and weighs between 30 and 40 kilograms.

The English Setter, known as the "gentleman of the show dogs", "the gentleman among gentlemen", not only because it is friendly, calm and good-natured, but also because it is beautiful.

In the present day we differentiate the Setter from the Spaniel, but in the 20th century, the English Setter is the "gentleman of the show dogs", "the gentleman among the gentlemen", not only because it is friendly, calm and good-natured, but also because it is beautiful.

In the present day we differentiate the Setter from the Spaniel, but in the 20th century, the English Setter is the "gentleman of the show dogs".XVII this difference was not so clear and the name "Setter" was used to include all those dogs that were trained to show where the hunting pieces were. Over the years the breed was redefined and what we know today as English Setter began to differentiate by its peculiar way of showing: approaching the prey stealthily crouched or crouched.lying down

Although the English Setter can work in the field, many are kept simply as show dogs or as pets, so there are several reasons why people choose this charming breed, which is attractive both psychically and physically.

The English Setter's specialty is scavenging in open country. In fact the earliest Setters were used inthe moors of England scouting the terrain ahead of the hunter.

Due to its indefatigable nature and stamina it covers a great deal of ground.

It also possesses a great sense of smell, and is able to detect prey even hours after it has passed.

It is used above all for hunting birds such as partridge, quail and above all woodcock of which it is the master.Because it likes ponds, it is also used for hunting waterfowl.

Character - Coexistence - Behaviour - Education:

The English Setter is calm, faithful, obedient, friendly and can sometimes be somewhat stubborn.He is sweet, likes to be petted and cannot stand to be left alone.He is a good companion to participate in children's play, has infinitepatience with them.

This friendly and good-natured companion is active and euphoric when out and about, but tends to calm down quickly in the comfort of home, eager to settle into sofas and armchairs unless trained from an early age not to do so.He is a very family-oriented dog who enjoys being at home with people.To understand his personality, it'sThe English Setter was bred to work with his master in the field during the day and to sleep at his feet at night.

He is not particularly a "one person dog", but loves visitors and is especially happy with children, always ready to join in the play. English Setters are very trustworthy with children.and owners need not fear possible problems.

However, the relationship of pets with children should be carefully monitored from the beginning, especially if small children are involved.

This way we can avoid accidents and casual problems.

The English Setter should not show aggressive behavior towards people or other dogs.

Although English Setterscan, of course, be trained for field work, as this was the purpose for which they were bred, obedience training is a different matter. As always, every rule has its exception, so I am sure that some English Setter owners will say that their dogs excel in this area, but this is not the case in most cases. Their nature gives them a very good obedience training.It may be a bird or something else that catches his eye, and the times when this alert dog chooses to get into the showing position are not always the most convenient.

With a temperament closer to that of the old Spaniel, which showed game andcrouched (compared to members of their own family), the English Setter tends to be less nervous than the Irish and more sensitive than the Gordon or Scot.

It is a very intelligent dog, which may be trained for everything (except herding), although they are not easy to train because of their facility to be distracted when out of doors.Well disposed to discipline andIn short, it is easy to train with patience because it is disciplined but exuberant.

Care and Health:

The English Setter is a very active dog, indefatigable (it needs to do a lot of exercise daily), with a good sense for hunting and very friendly. It needs continuous attention and company, both human and animal.other dogs.

It is also advisable to brush his long hair daily to keep his skin healthy.

It is a dog that tends to put on weight, so it is advisable to control their diets.

The English Setter is prone to hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy and allergic skin problems.

Some examples of the breed tend to suffer fromear and ear problems, as with many breeds with rather long, pendulous ears, although these problems may also be related to skin allergies.

Although the percentage of English Setters suffering from deafness appears to be low in relation to other white-coated breeds, there are sporadic cases. There is a possibility that in this breed deafnessis hereditary, although nothing has yet been confirmed.

As English Setters wag their tails with great enthusiasm, they can damage the tip. This is more likely to happen in dogs housed in small cages or kennels, which causes the tail to thrash its sides with some frequency. Tail tip injuries should be carefully treated by applying a suitable antiseptic andAlthough it is difficult to bandage a tail (at least it is difficult for a dog not to remove a bandage!), the wound should be covered until healed.

The life expectancy of an English Setter is about twelve years.


For centuries, Setters of one kind or another have been at the side of hunters, as they are among the most popular hunting dogs in the world.Their history dates back to the XIV century. Originally they were called Spaniel of sample (that is to say, they bent down after discovering the game pointing it to the hunter) and generally worked on the moors, where they explored the territory ahead of the hunter, in search of birds. The first person who is said to have trained Spaniel dogs was thesample was Robert Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, who lived in the mid-16th century.

The old English name for the Setter was "Index" and we know that from the 16th century onwards they were used for partridge and quail hunting.Writings from that time say that this dog was "useful for hunting birds and made no noise with his feet or mouth while pursuing game... whether he wentforward, backward, to the right or to the left, when he had found a bird he would stand still and silent, not a step further, and staring fixedly into the thicket, would lay his abdomen on the ground and crawl forward like an earthworm."

In 1655, Gervase Markham's Hunger's Prevention or The Art of Fowling provided another source of information on the dogs ofHowever, at the time, the difference between Setters and Spaniels was not entirely clear, as the name "Setter" was given to dogs that were trained to show where game was, without referring to structural differences in shape or form.constitution.

Even in the late 17th century, we read that Spaniels, and even mongrels, were used by British hunters as pointers.When the Sportman's Cabinet was published in 1803, much space was devoted to the Setter, so it is clear that even then they constituted a distinctive breed of dog.The Setter was described in severalaspects, as equal to the Pointer, with an equally good nose; but while the Pointer stood, the other crouched on the ground, and hence came its English name ( setting dog ). The following quotation taken from Sportman's Cabinet tells its readers that "Although the crouching pointing dog is merely used for netting partridges, they are sometimes taken tohunting with shotguns and are equally good for this task, except when on the ground we find turnips, French wheat, bracken, bracken, heather, gorse or any other kind of thickets where you cannot so easily see how they bend down and show the piece."

The above text indicates the change that took place in the Setter's behaviour in the field in the 19th century, as they came to the endThe reason for this change in method was undoubtedly the abandonment of nets at the end of the 18th century. Prior to that time, hunters wanted to catch as many birds as possible in their nets, and the presence of the dog would have scared them away. Thus, the chances of the prey seeing the dog were reduced if the dogcrouched, and this was the reason why he was trained to act thus.

In 1803, the Setter was described as timid, of a nervous temperament, and fearing punishment from his masters.His treatment in the field was thus a matter of judicious discrimination.Anxious and impetuous hunters corrected their dogs with excessive severity, and their dogs were so stressed by thefear or so humiliated that they were psychically wrecked and might never hunt again. Throughout the 19th century it was considered a disgrace that many Setters who had been of enormous value in the field were ruined during their taming and training because of people who treated them so harshly.

Throughout Britain, differentSetter strains from different breeding lines, and the reason was that breeders needed to produce the type of dog best suited to the terrain in which they worked. Some showed clear Spaniel-type characteristics and, indeed, there is no doubt that the Spaniel has played an important part in the historical development of the English Setter. Old Setter pictures and illustrationsperforming their work show some resemblance to the old white and brown Spaniel, although their colours were different.

Another breed from which the English Setter is considered to be descended was the Perdiguero de Burgos, from which it is said to have inherited its fabulous nose, the way it approaches prey and its sculpted attitude when displaying the pieces.Certainly, a very strong point of connectionsignificant with the Perdiguero de Burgos is the loyalty and patience of the English Setter, which holds the prey spellbound until the hunter has time to approach. However, over the years there have been many enthusiasts who have denied any evidence that the Perdiguero de Burgos was an ancestor of the English Setter.

The true source from which the Setter came fromEnglish today may be questionable, but towards the end of the 19th century several distinct lines appeared from each other. Each was like an offshoot from older lines, whose origin was the dog that showed prey and lay down, either by selective breeding or by the careful inclusion of foreign blood.

The Welsh Setter or Llandidloes Setter was nearlyThe purebred Setters had a coat as curly as that of the Cotswold sheep breed and their texture was hard. The colour was usually white, but sometimes they had a lemon-coloured patch on the head and ears. Frequently, several puppies in a litter had one or both pearl-coloured eyes. Their head was more elongated at the top of the head, and they were more elongated at the base of the head.proportion to its size and was not as refined as that of the English Setter.

The Anglesea Setter was a slender, active, very slender, rather longlegged dog that came from Beaudesert, which was the residence of the Marquis of Anglesea. Although its gait in the field was good, it was of a somewhat delicate build. Most were black, white and tan, but its coat was not so smooth and

The Welsh Setter, jet black, was now extinct and, although their owners had kept them like gold, interest in this breed was waning. This breed could be found in various parts of Wales.

Irish Setters were originally white and red, but the red Irish Setter evolved as a distinct breed.Today we have two separate breeds: the Irish Red Setter and the Red and White Setter.

In Scotland there were the ancestors of today's Gordon Setter: the Lovat (a Black, White and Tan Setter bred by Lord Lovat in Inverness) and the Southesk (similar in color, but large and strong). They also had the Seafield Setter, reputed for its good coat and fringes.

The Ossulton Setter.(all black) came from Northumberland, and the Lort Setter from the Midlands: it was black and white or lemon and white, and was praised by Edward Laverack, of whom we shall hear more later. In the south and south-west of England, Setters were very dashing dogs, with fine shoulders and hind legs and luxuriant fringes, and were mainly white in colour.and lemon. From Carlisle, in the far north of England, came a rather large, heavy moving, white and brown (liver) line or stock, believed to have some connection with the Laverack, a line that was soon to become very important.

Edward Laverack did more than anyone else up to his time to make the English Setter known, and by the end of the 19th centurywas known as the "father" of today's English Setter. Laverack was born in 1789 in Westmorland and was apprenticed to a shoemaker, but inherited enough from a distant relative to lead a well-to-do life. He became a great hunting enthusiast and bred Setters for over half a century, the basis of his breeding program being a pair obtained from a Carlisle clergyman in 1825.They were the male Ponto and the female Old Moll. He claimed to have consciously followed the principles of strict inbreeding and, although this method of breeding is despised by some breeders today, the success of his approach would soon become evident.

Laverack was already a sexagenarian when the beauty dog shows began, so, understandably, he only managed to have two champions. AAt his death in Whitchurch (Shropshire) in 1877, three years after the publication of his book on this breed, he had only five dogs.

However, the blood of his dogs spread through some of the great champions of this breed.

He had exported several English Setters to the U.S.A., where some great dogs were bred from his dogs.It was said that theLaverack animals were excellent for all tasks in the field. They had incredible stamina and could work almost from sunrise to sunset for days at a time. But it was also said that Laveracks were better at beauty shows than in the field. This difference of opinion could be due to the fact that in the U.S. the English Setter was just beginning to be used in the U.S. and that the English Setter was becoming a more popular breed.The former was stockier and more heavily fringed and, in the opinion of some, distanced the breed from its purpose as a working dog.

Mr. Purcell-Llewellin, born in 1840, was a friend of Edward Laverack and would be equally important in the history of the breed. He continued Laverack's work and achieved aHe carried out many experimental matings and at first had black and tan Setters (now known as Gordon Setters or Scottish Setters) and Irish Setters, until he acquired excellent specimens of Laverack. However, in these new animals he found "several peculiarities".psychic, habit and instinct unsatisfactory and inconvenient to fulfill his ideal."

As a consequence, Llewellin undertook further experimental work crossing pure Laverack with animals from the kennels of Sir Vincent Corbet and Mr. Satter. The result was an English Setter with quality and beauty for dog shows, while his achievements in the fieldBy the 1880's, Mr. Purcell-Llewellin had made great progress with this breed, achieving fair fame, to the extent that he is known to have refused an offer of £1,200 for a male and £1,000 for two of his bitches. His animals were highly sought after in the USA and many of his dogs were again exported to Great Britain.Brittany.

Like Laverack, Llewellin died in Shropshire, but we were already in 1925, well into the 20th century.

Since the first official beauty dog show was held in 1859, apart from those held in the backyards of taverns and inns, Pointer and Setter were always entered in different classes, although other breeds were not represented.In 1861there were specific classes for English Setters, and from then until 1892, of the 25 champions this breed had achieved, no fewer than 11 were of the pure Laverack line.Several important kennels were founded with Laverack animals, which provided a firm foundation for the breed to continue its achievements into the present era.

As the 19th century drew to a close, someIn 1890 the English Setter Club was founded, which organized a field trial in 1892. One of the judges of this first trial was the eminent Mr. Purcell-Llewellin.

As with all breeds, the years of the first and second English Setter trials, the English Setter Club was founded in 1892, with the aim of improving the English Setter further.World Wars were difficult times for English Setter breeding, but in 1946, the Setter and Pointer Club held a dog show in Blackpool. The decades following the war saw several major kennels come to prominence and new breed clubs founded, so that there are now seven breed societies in Britain concerned with the welfare and welfare of the English Setter.the progress of the English Setter.

There are now breeders and fanciers of the English Setter all over the world.The early exponents of this breed and those who were influential would be proud of their efforts.

The French artist François Alexandre Desportes (1661-1743) was a great animal painter.For many years he was a historiographer of hunting, a position at court that gave himassigned by Louis XIV. His paintings could hardly be surpassed for their resemblance to the real thing, and his pencil sketch entitled Dogs and Partridges shows dogs very like the English Setter of today.

There have been great pictures of English Setters over the years, and Philip Reingale was one of the most meticulous artists in his portraits of dogs and drew with great skill thisGeorge Earle and Richard Ansdell are other artists of that century who portrayed this breed and are famous for their paintings.

At all times and in almost all cultures, painters included dogs in their compositions, either as the main motif or as companions in portraits or bucolic or hunting paintings. Precisely because of these paintings,it has been possible to reconstruct the appearance that certain breeds had in the past, which has made it possible to follow their evolution and establish their origins with great certainty.

General Appearance

Of majestic and elegant bearing, the English Setter is a strong and hardy dog. It has hairy ears, set low and falling to the sides of the cheeks. The tail is longThis hair is long, silky, wavy and can be black and white, orange and white, brown and white or tricolour.

There are two varieties within this breed: a large and elegant one (show dog) and a smaller one (hunting dog).

The English Setter is a rather stout dog and larger in size than many breeds, but not as tall or tall as the English Setter.heavy as others.It has a good sense for hunting, a long head, carried high on a fairly long, lean and muscular neck.Its bright eyes are kind and expressive.

Really, the essence of this breed is found in its head and in its overall tender, kind expression, kind and without signs of weakness.Its muzzle, rather square, has a moderate depth, although its lips do notThe skull is oval from ear to ear, thus giving sufficient space for the brain, and the occiput is well defined.

With its characteristic elegance, the English Setter retains many of the physical characteristics of its ancestors and its build is such that the breed can perform its duties in the field with the utmost efficiency.When on the move, it shouldcover the ground with ease and elegance and with a strong drive of the hindquarters.

As in most breeds, males tend to be somewhat larger than females. According to the standard for this breed, males have a height at the withers of 65 to 68 cm, while in females it is 61 to 65 cm. The standard does not indicate the weight, but the males weigh,generally over 32 kg, even if they have not reached their full height.

The coat of the English Setter is one of the many attributes of this breed and certainly contributes to its appeal. From the nape of the neck, at the same height as the ears, it is slightly wavy, but not curly. It is long and silky and has good fringes on the front and hind legs that reach almost to the top of the neck.to the feet.

The breed standard clearly specifies the various permissible colours, but within each colour combination each specimen has slightly different markings, and this makes for a very special breed from an aesthetic point of view.For those unfamiliar with the English Setter, the terms that apply to colour can be somewhatA black and white one is known as a blue belton, while a white and orange one is an orange belton, etc. In addition to this, the amount of spotting can be very different. A blue belton may be practically white with only a few bluish spots, or it may have very little white, thus being so dark that one might expect to describe its color as gray.steel.

The breed standard specifies that dogs with an even mottling are preferred over those with large patches of color on the body. However, large patches on the head or ears are perfectly acceptable.

Although the breed standard calls for low-set ears of moderate length, these vary from one dog to another.As a general indication of proper length, when stretched over the eyes, they should reach the point between the two eyes (the stop). They hang in well-defined folds, lie close to the cheekbones and are covered with fine, silky hair. As the hair on the top of the ear is generally thicker, making the point of implantation of the ear the most important point of the ear, it should be at the point between the eyes (the stop).ear seem higher than in reality, this hair and the fringes below the ear are cut for the exhibition in beauty contests.

The establishment of the tail provided with the beautiful fringes that characterize him is close to the height of the back and, although it is slightly curved or shaped like a scimitar, should not tend to bend upward or curl. It is of lengthThe fringes of long, soft, silky hair of the tail start a little below the point of attachment, increase in length up to the middle of its length and then shorten towards the tip. It is carried at a level no higher than the back, and when the tail is carried at a level no higher than the back, it is carried at a level no higher than the back, and when the tail is carried at a level no higher than the tip of the tail, it is carried at a level no higher than the back, and when the tail is carried at a level no higher than the tip of the tail, it is carried at a level no higher than the tip of the tail.animal is in motion that of the tail is vital and whip-like, something we should remember when the dog is indoors.The tail of an English Setter can, quite easily, knock over ornaments and cause damage, without malice, with a simple wag.

The English Setter should have a regular and complete scissor clasp.This means that the upper incisors.are just in front of the lower ones and in close contact with them when the mouth is closed.

His fur is the most striking feature: he has a coat of long, silky, slightly wavy hair, with long fringes on all four legs that almost reach his feet. The colour of the fur varies, and we speak of Blue Belton when it is black and white, Orange Belton when it is black and white, and Orange Belton when it is black and white.orange, (although depending on the intensity of color we could be talking about Lemon Belton or Liver Belton) and Tricolor when it is white, black and orange. In addition to the colors also varies the amount of mottling, being a Blue Belton almost black or almost white, depending on how they are distributed their spots. (Belton is a town in Northumberland, and is also called so theSetter mottling, because that was the term used by Laverack).


The author of this blog is a lifelong animal lover with a passion for writing. She has years of experience working with animals, both in zoos and in private homes, and she brings that knowledge to her writing. Whether she's writing about training your dog or the best way to care for your cat, her goal is always to provide accurate and helpful information.